Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Find more ways to say sedimentary rock, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. All rights reserved. 1. Cementation: The process by which clastic sediments become lithified or consolidated into hard, compact rocks, usually through deposition or precipitation of minerals in … (of rock) made from sediment left by the action of water, ice, or wind: 2. It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Sedimentary rock is the most common rock type found at its surface. Sedimentary rocks are the most commonplace rock kinds which might be freely uncovered in the world’s floor. (of rock) made from sediment left by the action of water, ice, or wind: 2. The particles that form a sedimentary rock are called sediment, and may be composed of geological detritus (minerals) or biological detritus (organic matter). A sedimentary rock is a rock that formed through the accumulation of particles derived from preexisting rocks, including dissolved ions that recombine by chemical and biological processes. How to use sedimentary in a sentence. Coquinas are a rock formed in the ocean from sediment, broken shell, and other organic material. Petrophysical properties (density and magnetization) of rocks from the Suhbaatar-Ulaanbaatar-Dalandzadgad geophysical profile in Mongolia and their implications The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. They are formed on or near the Earth’s surface from the compression of ocean sediments or other processes. It is formed by processes that act on the earth's surface such as wind, rivers, waves, or glaciers, which deposit sediment over time and form sedimentary rock through a gradual process. Flint is a hard, sedimentary form of the mineral quartz. The material is then transported from the source area … Information about sedimentary rock in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. : Sedimentary rocks are one of three main types of rocks, along with igneous and metamorphic. Courtesy of Ernst ten Haaf. Examples of Clastic sedimentary rocks include sandstone, shale, siltstone, and breccias. Rocks are structured in different surroundings that can be both upon and within the earth’s remnant. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. The geological detritus originated from weathering and erosionof existing rocks, or from the soli… What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2). Diamonds are formed far below the earth's surface and are erupted to the surface by way of volcanic pipes. Definition of sedimentary rock. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition It is defined as rock that is formed by sedimentation or composed of sediment. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Meaning of sedimentary rock. Meaning of Sedimentary Rocks: Sedimentary rocks are composed of small units, ranging in size from molecule up through dust particles to pebbles and large boulders, brought together and deposited on the surface of the earth’s crust. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Facts. sedimentary rock - rock formed from consolidated clay sediments argillite - a sedimentary rock differing from shale in being bound by silica and from slate in having no slate cleavages rock , stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries" By definition, sedimentary rock is formed on the earth's surface and in bodies of water. Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. They usually consist of layers or strata; hence they are also called stratified rocks.Depending on what they're made of, sedimentary rocks fall into one of three types. Learn a new word every day. Learn more. Definition of Sedimentary rock. Learn how these sedimentary rocks differ in their formation and composition. The spaces between the large angular fragments are filled with a matrix of smaller particles and a mineral cement that binds the rock together. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Rock that is formed out of dregs of liquid left … Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Sedimentary rock.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sedimentary%20rock. Back to the top Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! There are three types of rocks on planet earth: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic. In total, 235 sedimentary rock samples, 45 metamorphic rock samples, and 305 igneous rock samples were obtained. Igneous rocks are made of magma, either … However, Earth’s crust is formed predominantly of the other two main types of rock, igneous rock and metamorphic rock.Sedimentary rocks are produced by the weathering of old rocks, which breaks apart the rocks into particles or fragments called sediment. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. … Learn more. Sedimentary Rock Definition for Kids. Sedimentary rocks are rocks formed from sediment.They are deposited over time, and often show layers which can be seen in cliffs.Other types of rock are igneous rock and metamorphic rock.. Sediments are usually formed from matter which falls to the bottom of oceans and lakes.The matter includes tiny pieces of other rocks, and dead animals, plants and microorganisms. Sedimentary rock is one of three types of rock found on Earth. Accessed 25 Dec. 2020. Sedimentary rock can be identified by the many layers present in the rock sample. They are the most common rocks on the surface of the earth. Sedimentary rocks are of three basic types. Information and translations of sedimentary rock in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Information and translations of sedimentary rock in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In this sedimentary rock activity, you will create a model of a rock called “coquina”. Delivered to your inbox! Sedimentary-rock definitions (geology) One of the major groups of rock that makes up the crust of the Earth; formed by the deposition of either the weathered remains of other rocks, the results of biological … (adjective) sedimentary definition: 1. Sedimentary Rock Definition for Kids There are three types of rocks on planet earth: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic. Mudstone is a really pleasant-grained sedimentary rock consisting of a aggregate of clay and silt-sized particles. Sedimentary rock is one of the three different types of rock. (of rock) made from sediment left by the action of water, ice, or wind: 2. The orientation, or lack thereof, of the crystals or grains that make up a sedimentary rock constitutes one aspect of fabric. For example, sedimentary rocks may hold […] Anoth… Sedimentary rock, rock formed at or near Earth’s surface by the accumulation and lithification of sediment or by the precipitation from solution at normal surface temperatures. Mudstone forms the metamorphic rock slate. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? Of or relating to rocks formed by the deposition of sediment. A scheme for sedimentary Rock identification is given below: 5. Back to the top Sedimentary rocks are often deposited in layers, and frequently contain fossils. The study of the rocks is called petrology (‘Petro’ means ‘rock’ and ‘logy‘ means ‘study‘). Why Is “Christmas” Abbreviated As “Xmas”? Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the accumulation or deposition of mineral or organic particles at the Earth's surface, followed by cementation. Igneous rock can be formed into sedimentary rock when the igneous rock is broken down through the process of weathering, changing it into particles of sediment. In this sedimentary rock activity, you will create a model of a rock called “coquina”. New!! They have the classic “chunky” sedimentary rock look, making them easy to identify. They are formed from other rock materials since they are made up of the buildup of weathered and eroded pre-existing rocks. Sedimentary rocks are the most common rocks exposed on Earth’s surface but are only a minor constituent of the entire crust. [ sĕd′ə-mĕn ′tə-rē ] Relating to rocks formed when sediment is deposited and becomes tightly compacted. (geology) one of the major groups of rock that makes up the crust of the Earth; formed by the deposition of either the weathered remains of other rocks, the results of biological activity, or precipitation from solution ¹ Photo by W. W. Little What is a Sedimentary Rock? The others are called igneous and metamorphic. a : clastic rock (as conglomerate, sandstone, or shale) formed of fragments of other rock transported … Sedimentary rock - Sedimentary rock - Fabric: The fabric of a sedimentary rock controls the rock’s porosity and permeability and therefore its ability to hold and/or transmit fluids such as oil and water. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Sedimentary rock along the White Rim Road at Canyonlands National Park, Utah. Definition - What does Sedimentary Rock mean? Sedimentary rocks are formed when sediment is deposited out of air, ice, wind, gravity, or water flows carrying the particles in suspension. Sedimentary Rock. The term sedimentary rock applies both to consolidated, or lithified sediments (bound together, or cemented) and unconsolidated sediments (loose, like sand). What does sedimentary rock mean? Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have changed from igneous rocks or metamorphic rocks. Terms including claystone and siltstone are often used in location of mudstone, although these consult with rocks whose grain length falls inside a good deal narrower stages and underneath near exam those are frequently technically mudstones. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. These rocks cover the widely held earth’s rocky surface. NPS photo. Definition of Rock – Rock is an agglomeration of minerals and earthly particles like clay, sand, shale, and magma. 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