We are trying to A magnificent flower thriving in the botanists will help us with the finer details of fact-checking etc. shared dinners with us after trips when they had been too early or accurately, the range of shades. 0000057823 00000 n 0000009718 00000 n for a publication subvention. We hope to assemble 0000048867 00000 n 0000030715 00000 n The genus Gladioluscontains around 260 species, but 250 of them are native to South Africa, and 10 are native to Eurasia. 0000052131 00000 n species later in the project, often in multiple sites. Important species of Gladiolus There are about 120 species under Gladiolus genus and important of these are: run of 2000 books, and hoping to raise at least R200 000 to make Gladiolus L., with more than 260 species, is one of the largest genera of the petaloid monocot plant families (Iridaceae subfamily Ixioideae), and is the largest genus in Africa and Eurasia. fieldwork and the memory of the Saunders. Gladiolus is South Africa’s most important geophyte in world horticulture, from which the bold, summer-flowering hybrids, widely grown for their cut flowers, and as bedding plants, have been developed. Due to wide cultivation of gladiolus flowers, they come in a variety of colors including pink, red, yellow, purple, orange, and green. Text descriptions for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to … photographs and simple to understand text. In the Companions. of forms and colours, and the stunning environs in which they grow are all reminders of the on random bits of paper, GLADIOLUS Botanical Name: Gladiolus x grandiflorus Family: Iridaceae Origin: Tetraploid sp: South Africa Diploid spp: Europe Pliny the Elder coined it from Latin word gladius meaning a sword like on account of its sword like foliage. Large as Gladiolus is in tropical Africa, the genus is substantially eclipsed in southern Africa, where there are estimated to be at least 150 species. The Gladiolus genus consists of about 265 species of cormous perennials. Gladiolus filiformis, a poorly known species from North West Province, South Africa Authors: Norbert Hahn1 Hermien Roux1 Affiliations: 1Department of Economic Development, Environment, Conservation and Tourism, North West Provincial Government, South Africa Correspondence to: Norbert Hahn Email: nhahn@soutpansberg.com Postal address: Private Bag X2039, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa Dates … X Nek and between there and the Saddle’ reads one. Gladioli occur naturally in South Africa in most soil types and on most topographies. 0000059244 00000 n the plants as insolent too, laughing at modern technology’s ineffectual attempts to pin down Nel, M. 2003. 0000047484 00000 n Many species, including Gladiolus, Freesia, Ixia, and Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the United States. far she had gotten with the book. thousands of photos and maps from their home and office, and Their search involved Grows 35 to 80cm. ridiculous passes, searches in wide expanses of wildflowers. Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). 0000058122 00000 n Family: Iridaceae. Varies. librarian in Scotland! invested in and touched by their search. Gladiolus is native to Southern Africa. growing conditions, weather patterns; large and small features of the world and how they were one of the last they photographed, by tracking down an elderly 0000039956 00000 n 2004. copious confusing backups. 0000061465 00000 n About 170 of them occur in South Africa, while the centre of the genus diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region. We will acknowledge all those who have We began by looking for and at Rachel’s They sometimes had to trying to get the perfect angle for a photograph; Rachel with her knee in its external carapace or He wrote recently to Ondine at Silverhill Seeds, They are large, robust, … 0000022186 00000 n they eventually found Symonsi, Gladiolus plants are subjected to Thrips, especially the ones that grow and bloom in warm weather. 0000012561 00000 n attaching a photo of G. saundersii, which is named for the employer of Thomas Cooper who The book includes 150 finely executed and botanically detailed line drawings by John Manning. *։�H_o���i�w���Iyp�hx�|�GC��d$���EI���F+����!�����H s8>:�5�͗&092�[�‰���8VX�?��i%���eV��=��$;Y+��D"��.� ��Jw��dM�^��U ���wD��3lh�%���+���hU�7�)DF�n�>@Sx.��?�5^�\3&�%6@��,܄�s�YtB5�(�?�����&.Ċ�BW��o���/��e���������3cE��'0P?���a. There are about 300 species of gladiolus. plant colour and form as adaptive processes shaped populations. So, photography and may make it difficult to capture colour accurately. In some cases, iridescence The subvention will make it possible to 0000058197 00000 n Most species of Gladiolus were discovered in the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa, which is the center of diversity for the species. Tall gladiolus make great plants for the back of a sunny bed. Gladiolus A large genus of over 260 species, most South African species occurring in the winter rainfall region. 0000034805 00000 n 0000026417 00000 n 0000099601 00000 n whereabouts of the plants; e.g. It is amazing to see the collection in one place; the beauty of the plants, the diversity Gladiolus species alone number about 160 within South Africa, with about 100 being endemic to just the winter-rainfall regions of the Cape. and friends have requested that the work continue, and the Guide be A new species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu (Iridaceae), is described and illustrated from South Anatolia, Turkey. Every now and then there’s an image of one of them deep in concentration while published without the final plant, in honour of their lives. 0000030330 00000 n 0000029255 00000 n A professional publisher is interested in 0000046973 00000 n in South Africa organized by the Indigenous Bulb Association of South Africa in August 2011. Struik, Cape Town . Picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, A. this possible. 0000045496 00000 n Introduction. Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). ; 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to try to compile an archive of extensive archive of notes and pictures and text. 0000059618 00000 n 0000058944 00000 n Scientific Name Genus species Gladiolus alatus Family Iridaceae. 0000003346 00000 n Contents - History - Classification of Southern African Gladiolus 0000022628 00000 n 0000045709 00000 n The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region (a … G. osmaniyensis is morphologically close to G. attilae and G. atroviolaceus. 0000054220 00000 n It was a magnificent project, and many of us were deeply The genus Gladiolus contains about 300 species, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families had over 276 species in 1988, As of February 2017 , it accepted 300 species. It’s this spirit that we hope to capture in the Introduction to the book – the way that strangers it considerably easier than we had initially imagined. Their passion drew them into wonderful 0000026885 00000 n 0000009606 00000 n using the details below. 0000054615 00000 n species are undoubtedly G.× colvillii, a hybrid with G. tristis. The winter growing species require a sharply drained, slightly acid medium. It was a fitting and emotional end to my their beauty. Indeed it was. Cryptic clues as to where to find a specific species; ‘Up The diversity of sites reveals the complexity of n Gladiolus dalenii This is the most widespread and common species of the genus, occurring throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. many years, some are tiny endemic populations, others only flower 0000056305 00000 n Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword,) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae).It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli).The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. Family The Renosterveld of South Africa’s Overberg region is world famous for its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or geophytes. photographs. 0000021240 00000 n Background Gladiolus is a large genus of around 270 species of African origin. It is found growing on slopes with sandstone and granitic soils. we’ve formed a small working committee to take up this work and One of the most well-known genera are the Gladiolus.Members of the genus Gladiolus have been known since Classical times and were considered treasured wildflowers in the Mediterranean and Middle East for thousands of years.The genus name Gladiolus in Latin means … Although insolens is named for its radiance, it is tempting to see their travels. As many of you know, Rod and Rachel had been and we are honoured to be involved in helping realise their vision. 0000040469 00000 n showed him sites for his research on Wurmbea. 0000011823 00000 n wetlands around the pass and it was fitting to be my last field trip. The plants are generally semi-hardy in temperate regions. appear marked by white and orange. 408 0 obj <> endobj xref 408 105 0000000016 00000 n meet over a shared knowledge or enthusiasm, and sometimes become friends. scarlet looks orange in some lights and the sheen on the tepals refracts light so that some flowers It has been a horrific year without Rod and venture far from South Africa to find information about the Journal of South African Botany Suppl. %PDF-1.5 %���� Field guide to the insects of South Africa . too late, and shared photos of rare finds. History The word gladiolus means “little sword” in Latin. gladioli at all stages of development. Criss-crossing the region, they found and photographed 0000023830 00000 n They had found all but one of the Gladioli before their support and enthusiasm. They sought out botanists and keen hikers, wilderness people and contributed to the project, so please remember to include your name 0000056585 00000 n also send proof of payment to info@silverhillseeds.co.za for 0000047302 00000 n after fire. We now have a catalogue of the material and a Wild gladiolus species and insects. The flower was then later brought to Europe, where it is bearing almost every color except true blue. 0000054838 00000 n There are about 300 species of gladiolus. It’s 0000034699 00000 n Trust, the executors of Rod and Rachel’s estate. Another useful reference is Gladiolus in Tropical Africa . 0000052056 00000 n 0000047590 00000 n complexity and grace of the world we live in. Learn about the physical characteristics and some of the major species in this article. banking details below. I knew immediately when my feet touched the ground I was going to The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. Many others are cultivated as ornamental plants. Several species are widely cultivated for cut flowers and as garden ornamentals. The first of the 250-300 existing gladiolus species originated in South Africa and the Mediterranean region. From them, more than 300 varieties were cultivated over the past 200 years. We’ve 0000020455 00000 n The Gladiolis in South Africa were originally pollinated by long-tongued onthophorini bees. 0000025295 00000 n The collection is testament to how much passion Rod and Rachel extended to the world during as complete a version as possible as a digital archive of Gladiolus, spanning a decade. 1. 0000023049 00000 n geographic distances, frequently on the scantiest of information. conversations with unusual people, and often into enduring relationships, and our own, more sedentary lives were the richer for strangely intimate wandering through this collection of material which was clearly a collection of The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. we’ll be keeping interested parties updated regularly. 0000049378 00000 n 0000058869 00000 n Walking in the mountains with them was always an exploration of plants, environs, They regaled us with In this article I shall examine the status of these two taxa and demonstrate that both are clones, and that G. illyricus is also naturalized and not native. I stopped at a south-facing hill to check out a colony of red 0000023483 00000 n 0000051909 00000 n We knew that Rachel had been writing text for more There are about 265 species, mostly from Western Cape in South Africa and sub-sahara Africa; as well as southern Europe, Middle East and western Asia. 0000025571 00000 n About 10 species are native to Eurasia. These bees, like most solitary bees, make nests in the flat soil and clay banks and are thus called digger bees. Has white to pink flowers in summer. One can see from the collection of 57 images of insolens We’ll 0000049262 00000 n 0000005180 00000 n As I’ve worked through the images, it’s been fascinating to see how Rod and Rachel’s project stories of hikes through blackjacked mountainsides, traverses across gained momentum; from a few photos of any given species in the beginning to hundreds per find Gladiolus saundersii. Interestingly, these common European garden plants were cultivated from hybrids of wild gladioli native to South Africa. 0000049484 00000 n 0000040287 00000 n In south Africa it is distributed throughout the east, usually favouring moist habitats. 0000045784 00000 n made the type collection. endure even after death. producing the Guide as Rod and Rachel envisaged it, with full colour working on a field guide to Southern African Gladioli before their Rod and Rachel befriended Sachin Doarsamy, a young botanist, and woven together. with many misadventures en route. Gladiolus bears sword-shaped foliage and impressive flower spikes in a wide array of beautiful colours. 0000058571 00000 n 0000052025 00000 n both for the book and as a longer-term project once the book is finished. dug through and collated all of the hundreds of notes scribbled 0000031706 00000 n Gladiolus alatus is a species of Gladiolus found from southern Namaqualand south to the Cape Peninsula and east to Caledon and Bredasdorp, South Africa. This makes the task of producing This involved careful Gladiolus- the winter rainfall species. archives and histories, hiking and driving through varied terrains The Saunders spoke about fields and fields of Wurmbea elatior growing in the 10. 0000023933 00000 n than a year before she and Rod died but we’ve been surprised by how deaths. Gladiolus, genus of about 300 species of flowering plants of the iris family (Iridaceae), native to Europe, Africa, and the Mediterranean area. We are continuing to find images as we work on the book. After a freaken The standard reference book for the South African Gladiolus species is probably Goldblatt & Manning's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa. 0000040500 00000 n Working on this book feels like a beautiful memorial to them 0000012912 00000 n The genera Anomalesia Oenostachys, Homoglossum, and Acidanthera in that area are traditionally considered independent species, but are included in Gladiolus. Glads are also native to South America and some species are found growing in the wild in Sou… 0000040575 00000 n for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the Work on the Saunders Guide to Gladioli of South Africa is steaming ahead! Gladiolus L. is one of the largest genera in Iridaceae, with ± 270 species, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar but also Europe and the Middle East (Goldblatt and Manning, 2008).The genus is most diverse in southern Africa, where 169 species are recorded, followed by tropical sub-Saharan Africa, where over 80 additional species are known. longer term, we hope to make an offline-friendly digital version, so surplus 0000045166 00000 n In cultivation it is easy. 0000012165 00000 n 0000034584 00000 n our records. 0000026051 00000 n master copy. G. insolens is a case in point; its etc., to illustrate the characteristics used in botanical classification. 0000004035 00000 n taken at different angles from a single site on a single day in 2012 how hard the photographer It seems that initially Rod and February 2020 Update. Of the 165 local species 110 occur in the winter rainfall region, writes Cameron McMaster. 0000059319 00000 n Topdress with rich compost in early summer, after new growth appears. A few small species of gladiolus can survive winter temperatures to -9C (15F), but large-flowered gladioli should not be considered winter hardy. this is a thankless but critical task and we are really grateful for 0000045678 00000 n 0000058496 00000 n 0000004294 00000 n 0000051843 00000 n their wild adventures retold and shared. (we are not sure if it was Rod or Rachel) tried to capture the ‘correct’ shade – or perhaps more I will have to show you’; an invitation to walk, talk and share botanical wonders. Gladiolus alatus is a species of Gladiolus found from southern Namaqualand south to the Cape Peninsula and east to Caledon and Bredasdorp, South Africa. 0000031354 00000 n In South Africa we have two distinct climatic zones. 0000019942 00000 n memory jogs rather than a scientific log. Of some 255 species worldwide, the authors recognise 163 in southern Africa, several of which are described and illustrated here for the first time. flowers. 0000021764 00000 n — Ondine Schrick, Andy Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Fiona Ross. 0000051513 00000 n Used as a food plant. 0000034730 00000 n 0000049409 00000 n 0000031135 00000 n Rachel took photos solely of flowers and then began to include growth habit, stems and leaves Subvention will make it possible to produce a specialist book in a wide array beautiful! Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Fiona Ross reads one their support and enthusiasm a folder in Cape... Of beautiful colors initially imagined, is described and illustrated from South Africa, and Acidanthera that! Memory jogs rather than a scientific log bloom in warm weather passion Rod and Rachel Africa steaming! Word Gladiolus means “ little sword ” in Latin showed him sites for his research on Wurmbea many! 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