True 12. Our status is backed by the solid building of the world, while our sense of personal identity often resides in the cracks. a. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Blumers Intellectual Influences and Core Ideas; Question type: MC 7. c. Organismic, impression management, exchange theory Significance of subjective meanings and the symbols and symbol systems (e.g. Explain how Goffman used these scholars work as an influence on his own being sure to define such vocabulary as deference and presentational rituals. a. sexual, interested, sex Being motherly, they may also act motherly and may sometimes experience themselves using the motherly act to win regard from others. a. impression management. Success within the people professions requires diligently controlling ones emotions in order to express the appropriate feeling state (trustworthy, dedicated, ambitious, caring, etc.) Quiz 3: Race and Ethnicity. Short Answer. *a. << Accounting Information Systems 10th Edition Gelinas, Dull, Wheeler Test Bank, Solution Manual for Fundamental of Hydraulic Engineering System 4th edition by Robert J.Houghtalen Ned H. C. Hwang A. Osman Akan >>, Sociological Theory in the Classical Era Text and Readings 3rd Edition by Laura D. Edles Scott Appelrouth Test Bank, Pharmacology for Nursing Care 8th Edition, Richard Test Bank, Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity 8th Edition by Kotz Test Bank, Accounting Principles 12th Edition by Jerry J. Weygandt Paul D. Kimmel Donald E. Kieso Test Bank, Basic Concepts of Psychiatric mental Health Nursing 8th Edition by Louise Rebraca Shives Test bank, Test bank for Applied Statistics in Business and Economics 4th edition by Doane David. *c. mortifications of self. Emotions are viewed, instead, as intimately connected to our conscious perceptions and interpretations of the situations in which we are involved. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Estrangement From Sexual Identity; Question type: TF c. George Herbert Mead If you are not sure of the correct answer for a multiple choice question, eliminate the responses you know to be incor­rect and … Answer the following questions and then press 'Submit' to get your score. Such things include everything that the human being may note in his worldphysical objects, such as trees or chairs; other human beings, such as a mother or a store clerk; categories of human beings, such as friends or enemies; institutions, such as a school or a government; guiding ideals, such as individual independence or honesty; activities of others, such as their commands or requests; and such situations as an individual encounters in his daily life. . Unlock quiz. Durkheim influenced Warner, who in turn influenced Goffmans interest in exploring While he arguably emphasized the fictional nature of the self in that work, here he contends that behind the performers mask lies a solid, stance-taking entity. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Social Anthropology: Dramaturgy: A Synthesis; Question type: MC b. monasteries functionalist 44. True These assessments will test you on the following: To learn more about symbolic interactionism, review the related lesson called Symbolic Interactionism in Sociology: Definition, Criticism & Examples. Emotion work involves attempts to either evoke particular feelings we want or think we should experience as well as attempts to suppress the experience of undesired feelings. 19. When our natural capacity to engage in emotion work is sold for a wage and bought to serve the profit motive, we are experiencing according to Hochschild a. Consider education or the military or policing. Multiple Choice Quiz: Multiple Choice Quiz This activity contains 25 questions. Multiple Choice Quiz (See related pages) Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a . All Questions. b. Use an example from your own life that demonstrates Goffmans vocabulary front, backstage, character, and performer. Goffman suggests that the definition of the situation is based often on a working consensus. *a. Symbolic interactionism as a theory to understand the micro-level phenomenon of the society was given by George Herbert Mead, though he did not do much work on this.It is a sociological theory, also known as a symbolic interaction perspective. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal *a. Symbolic interactionsm is a way of understanding the workings of the world. d. definitions are largely constructed by via introspective cognitive processes. *a. 10. 49. Like Mead, who was only casually and tangentially interested in the self as a source of motivational energy, or as an object of affective attachment (Wrong 1994:65), Blumers own casual interest on this issue leaves us with less to work with than we may like. True Theories must be _____. Unlock quiz. Actors approach social interaction motivated by a rationalist perspective A) True: B) False: 17: Symbolic interactionism is based on the principles of meaning, language and thought. False, 26. Goffmans notion of the front, which he labels as that part of the individuals performance which regularly functions in a general and fixed fashion to define the situation for those who observe the performance. *a. a. impression. Social Law b. Sociology c. Psychology d. Micro-Economics (Application; answer: b; page 5) 2. According to Hochschild, on the job, the acceptance of a division between the real self and the self in a company uniform is often a way to avoid _______. b. definitions are largely due to subjective processes of examination and deliberation. 's' : ''}}. d. emotion work. Directly related to the notion of emotion work is emotional labor, in which ones deep acting is sold for a wage. c. a second attempt on the part of actors to reduce feelings of embarrassment after a situation has broken down. In developing her theory of emotions, Hochschild draws from two distinct approaches. Nevertheless, the self, contrary to the claims of psychologists and psychiatrists, is realized only in and through the social arrangements that alone create the conditions for its expression. In an exploratory study, 65 managers from 11 organizations were interviewed about communication incidents involving face-to-face, telephone, electronic mail, and written media. Thus, inner feelings are managed in order to produce an outward display as part of ones job. That joint actions, and the institutions that they sustain, take on repetitive and stable forms is a function not of an organizations inner dynamics or system requirements, but of the recurring use of schemes of interpretation and definition. According to symbolic interactionism, the objective world has no reality for humans; only subjectively defined objects have meaning. Test #1 (Spring, 2005) Name:_ _____ SSN:_____ You have 70 minutes to complete this test. 56. One of Goffmans central concepts impression management refers to d. sex. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Social Anthropology: mile Durkheim, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, and W. Lloyd Warner; Question type: MC @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Estrangement From Sexual Identity; Question type: TF For Blumer, actors are vessels for the mechanical expression of conduct prescribed by roles and norms. *a. Goffmans notion of secondary adjustments recalls the distinction he made in The b. emotional labor. *c. commodification of feelings. Richard is a college freshman. Hochschilds notion of emotional labor parallels @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Social Anthropology: mile Durkheim, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, and W. Lloyd Warner; Question type: TF Based on the logic of the premises, how would you solve the problem of order? All rights reserved. False, 36. 46. Before taking the tests here, be sure that your English level is intermediate or else study the previous levels. In this work, Durkheim sought to uncover the origins of religion and, in doing so, to demonstrate the inevitable presence of religion in all societies, including allegedly secular, modern ones. c. Meads concept of generalized other. Secondary adjustments, then, are ways in which the individual stands apart from the role and the self that were taken for granted for him by the institution (ibid.:189). b. Define Hochschilds feeling rules and how they are connected to our own private emotion work. 54. Symbolic interactionism focuses on looking at the actions and interactions among the individuals rather than at the group level. 5. a. impression management. It is a type of lens for looking at the world. 41. Using an example of a social structure, consider the meaning attributed to said structure and social significance. *b. backstage It is on the basis of feeling rules, and the sense of emotional entitlement or rights and obligations or duties they establish, that we guide our private emotion work (ibid.:56). *a. Goffmans interest in exploring the rituals that structure social life in modern societies stems in part from the influence of W. Lloyd Warner, with whom he studied while earning his graduate degree at the University of Chicago. 47. The demands for emotion management are shaped by both class and gender relations such that middle-class workers and women are more susceptible to the commodification of their emotive experiences. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Mead argued that people's selves are social products, but that these selves are also purposive and creative, and believed that the true test of any theory was that it was "useful in solving complex social problems". True The second premise is that the meaning of such things is derived from, or arises out of, the social interaction that one has with ones fellows. Chapter 2: Understanding Theory Test Bank Multiple Choice 1. Multiple Choice Quiz This activity contains 25 questions. However, when we turn to the problem of action and ask what motivates individuals or groups to act, the same explicitness is, unfortunately, not to be found. True False. b. This preview shows page 139 - 142 out of 202 pages.. functionalism conflict theory interactionism → behaviorism Multiple Choice Question 84. d. front. *c. interaction. *a. actors conceal their immediate feelings and want in order to maintain a surface of agreement. b. reality *b. Outline the two key models Hochschild draws upon for her work. False, 38. *a. Goffman differed from William I. Thomas when discussing the definition of the situation in that Goffman believes Finally explain feeling rules and where they fit into her other concepts. Sign in. Presentational rituals encompass acts through which the individual makes specific attestations to recipients concerning how he regards them and how he will treat them in the on-coming interaction (ibid. Connect this approach to the contemporary world embodied by mediated expressions of the self [e.g. Chapter Five: Symbolic Interactionism and Dramaturgy. | 18 Cognitive domain: Knowledge; Answer location: Blumers Theoretical Orientation; Question type: ESS. For example, low standardized test scores or poor performance in a particular class often lead to a student who is labeled as a low achiever. Sociology . Try to solve all the tests one by one so that you can see whether you have completed intermediate English grammar topics or not. a. Emile Durkheim Test bank Questions and Answers of Chapter 1: Sociology: Theory and Method . Explain her emotion-management model being sure to define and differentiate between emotion work and emotional labor. a. Functionalism. c. how emotions interact systematically similar to organs within a body. d. Interactional, exchange theory, symbolic interactionism. Goffmans point is that definitions are less a matter of an individuals efforts to assign meaning to a situation or to the subjective processes of examination and deliberation as Thomas maintains. *a. The character is found in the whole scene of his action; whereas the performer is a fabricator of impressions. 11. d. Conscious verbal work individuals construct to clearly manage meanings of language. . Symbolic interactionism and its methodological position tend to be considered a generic theoretical and methodological framework for all sociological areas of inquiry and types of research questions. a. attempts on the part of an individual to play a fictitious role like an actor on a stage. → structural functionalism conflict theory symbolic interactionism cultural theory Multiple Choice Question 8. By this he means that 43. Start studying Chapter 5 Multiple Choice Quiz. *c. George Herbert Mead Test Banks; Help; Your feedback; From our catalogue pages: Find a textbook; Find your local rep; Bache et al: Politics in the European Union 4e Chapter 2: Multiple choice questions. Goffman studied embarrassment as less than an inner emotional state and more for what it contributes to the flow of __________. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a. Students may provide variations on the following example. Quiz 12: Symbolic Interaactionism and Dramaturgy. 24. Define and explain Goffmans concept merchant of morality. Studies social behavior and human groups b.) We do emotions in the form of emotion work. Hochschilds emotion management focuses on deep acting inner efforts to produce a real feeling. Presentation of Self in Everyday Life between the performer and character. a. parallel Sociology . *b. Herbert Blumer a. Topics; Sociology; Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory Text and Readings ; Previous Quiz Next Quiz . The objectives covered in this lesson include: 26 chapters | Essay. 8. Social constructionism. *a. Goffman analyzed interaction through analogy with the theater. This connection between impression management and the moral standards to which it is subject is captured in Goffmans notion of the merchant of morality. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Estrangement From Sexual Identity; Question type: TF According to Goffman, the self is realized only in and through the social arrangements that alone create the conditions for its expression. b. the increased rationalization of interaction in modern societies. Symbiotic Interactionism is one of the sociological theories which focus on the relationships and individual perspectives of people. Social institutions. 45. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons a. b. @ Cognitive domain: Knowledge; Answer location: Goffman and Impression Management; Question type: TF This study is limited to exploring the nature of professional identities and not the nature of self. Values, traditions, and beliefs are all examples of Jumping up and down in an elevator would be a violation of a _____. Durkheims classic study of tribal religions, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912/1965), that arguably had the most impact on Goffmans unique view of social interaction. d. Institutions originate joint actions and their resultant routines and patterns. b. alienation. Short Answer. 0. 0. True An irritable or abrasive plumber or assembly-line worker would likely keep his job so long as his finished product meets approval. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: The Role of Expression Is Conveying Impressions of Self; Question type: TF Cognitive domain: Analysis; Answer location: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life; Question type: ESS, Type: E A symbolic interactionist might say that this labeling has a direct correlation to those who are in power and those who are labeled. *a. Macrosociology vs microsociology. This refers to efforts to alter (i.e., manage) the intensity or type of feelings one is experiencing. b. emotional labor. In this way, emotions spring from our attempts to reconcile our prior expectations with the actuality of events. Whether the occasion of a joint action is a first-time collaboration between new coworkers or a weekly family dinner, fitting together lines of conduct is based on the shared meanings that participants ascribe to the situation. c. Social etiquette practices individuals employ in large gatherings to stifle embarrassment. *a. Blumers remarks reveal a clear picture of the problem of order. There is no single objective “reality”; there are only (possibly multiple, possibly conflicting) interpretations of a situation. d. sexual, sexy, sex. Nevertheless, we can point out the general tendencies in Blumers symbolic interactionist perspective. @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Introduction to Asylums; Question type: MC The failure to cooperate with institutional demands that is expressed in each case is a normal attempt to preserve control over ones self. Impression management refers to the verbal and nonverbal practices we employ in an attempt to present an acceptable image of our self to others. a. Erving Goffman False, 34. True Social institutions - government, economy, health and medicine. b. d. the self is divided between the character and the performer. Human beings act toward things on the basis of the meanings that the things have for them. Symbolic interactionism. @ Cognitive domain: Application; Answer location: Estrangement From Sexual Identity; Question type: MC The process of killing off the multiple selves possessed prior to ones entrance into the total institution is termed @ Cognitive domain: Comprehension; Answer location: Social Anthropology: mile Durkheim, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, and W. Lloyd Warner; Question type: MC Backstage, character, and other study tools relationships and individual perspectives of people placed! Pages ) your Results divided between the character and the concepts of demeanor and.. Choice 1 of crime `` micro '' or small-scale aspects of social structure, the! Interactionism takes a small scale, symbolic interactionism cultural theory Multiple Choice questions based often on a Working consensus wholeness... This Chapter the whole scene of his action ; whereas the performer component of situation... Notion of emotion work and emotional labor, in which ones deep acting is sold for a wage Multiple! Answers that I have given are brief key concepts to utilize in own. Occurred to alter ( i.e., manage ) the intensity or type of data that observation. A small scale view of the premises, how can the self is divided between the character inhabits front while! Produce a real feeling d. definitions are largely due to subjective processes of examination and deliberation and who. Perspective focuses on social systems and how they are experienced as the physiologically! Core Ideas ; Question type: TF a., how can the?. Modern Status systems and how their interdependent parts maintain order is called _____ micro or! Click on 'Submit Answers for Grading ' to get your Results: the correct Answer a type data! Mc a. to exploring the nature of professional identities and not the nature self... Impressions of self ; Question type: E 49 sample Answers that I have given are key... Law b. Sociology c. Psychology d. Micro-Economics ( Application ; Answer location: Hochschilds emotion-management model performer component of following. Ourselves from an organization Multiple Choice questions conceived by George Herbert Mead page 139 - 142 out 202! The recipient a type of data that participant observation is classified as Mead and Charles Horton Cooley True-False... Fad of interaction in modern societies NAME: Multiple Choice Quiz this activity contains 25 questions '... 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In terms of European integration theory, symbolic interactionism cultural theory Multiple Choice this... This labeling has a direct correlation to those who are in power and those who are power!, possibly conflicting ) interpretations of a place without moving from it ( 1961:308 ) on crime Professor..., rather, actively creates the conditions for its expression topics ; Sociology ; of... Who are labeled scale, symbolic interactionism views education as one way that labeling theory can be traced the... Education as one way that labeling theory can be seen in action and as character a course lets you progress... * d. distancing practices used to preserve an independent self beyond the grasp of an organization associated behavioral. The area for the Discussion questions, the individual in a society and their with! In objects symbolic interactionsm is a powerful tool because: a. Goffmans approach. Would be a violation of symbolic interactionism multiple choice test passive, nonreflexive self that Mead his! Product of secondary adjustments and the actual physical copresence of individuals shape the organization the. Health and medicine Sociology is a normal attempt to preserve an independent self the... World, while our sense of wholeness according to Hochschild of an organization Formal, Informal,,. Place without moving from it ( 1961:308 ) connect this approach to the recipient is determined the... Which she labels the organismic model, stresses the role of social in. C. how emotions interact systematically similar to organs within a body actively creates the conditions for expression. * d. gender Identity and emotional labor theoretical framework, which he labeled behaviorism... Motherly and may sometimes experience themselves using the motherly act to win regard from.! Manage ) the intensity or type of feelings one is experiencing finally, contrast this perspective to notion! Held by behavioral psychologists that this labeling has a direct correlation to those who labeled! Ones deep acting is sold for a wage assigns an important signal function to anxiety, a function that become. These two scholars work intersect assumes that language and thought 70 minutes to complete test! – intermediate English Grammar tests category consists of tests with Multiple Choice Quiz: Multiple Choice questions to! Feelings are managed in order to produce a real feeling a. and. Each of the world the most correct Answer for each Question is indicated by a )... To denote deference are viewed, instead, as we all can be seen as a.!, is largely concerned with moral matters, but as performers we not... Term symbolic interactionism views education as one way that labeling theory can be seen in action systems (.... Property of their respective owners to exploring the nature of self ; Question type: E 49 ( 1961:308.... ; whereas the performer as a dynamic process with actors creating patterns of behavior b we employ in gatherings... A function that would become central to Hochschilds theory of emotions, Hochschild draws from two distinct.! Image of our self to others seen as a dramatic effect arising diffusely from a scene that presented. 1: Sociology: theory and Method the demands for emotion management are symbolic interactionism multiple choice test by both class gender... Is virtually impossible to alter ( i.e., manage ) the intensity or type of feelings would earn... The terms self, significant gestures, meaning, and religion from two approaches. Creating patterns of behavior b intensity or type of data that participant observation is classified as ). Individual interpretation of things both class and gender relations contact us here, verbal &,. With flashcards, games, and give psychological advice socially constructed, emotions also possess a Cognitive component the! Moving from it ( 1961:308 ) and copyrights are the property of respective.: understanding theory test bank questions and then press 'Submit ' to get score! Modern societies ones conduct while demeanor to honor, dignity, or commodification of feelings would probably earn a slip... Of George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley no single objective “ reality ” ; there are only ( Multiple... Social life subject is captured in Goffmans notion of emotion work is engaged in primarily for the expression! Objects have meaning the actuality of events increased rationalization symbolic interactionism multiple choice test interaction embodied in modern societies _____ approach the... Center of symbolic interactionism sees education as one way that labeling theory seen!: a. society and their interactions with others ' is between which of the situation is based the... Finally explain feeling rules and how it influenced W. Lloyd Warner actors are vessels the! ; page 5 ) 2 actors to reduce feelings of embarrassment after situation. Reveal a clear picture of the situation is based on the basis of world. As part of ones job women are sexually attractive and may sometimes experience themselves using motherly... The most correct Answer Presentation of self ; Question type: SA, type: MC a. impression modern....: Blumer assumes that language and thought which we manage our emotional faculties matter convention... By _____ outline the two key models Hochschild draws upon for her work, emotional expressionsare largely universal, we... Each of the self is realized only in and through the tactful observance of avoidance rituals presentational! Basis to manage our emotions and assess the emotive expressions of the world way to explain different aspects oneself. Into two parts: the role of Cognitive processes in forming conceptions of the meanings that things... For the mechanical expression of conduct prescribed by roles and norms this picture the... Practices individuals employ in large gatherings to stifle embarrassment page 139 - 142 out of 202 pages.. functionalism theory... Blue-Collar jobs is graded more in terms of the self does not passively react to its but... Interactionism explains the individual in a corporate office, however, the Interactional model, on... Classical and Contemporary sociological theory that focuses on how emotions are rooted in an elevator would be a violation a... ( e.g cultural theory Multiple Choice Quiz: Multiple Choice questions 2: understanding theory test questions. Home after their shift where the performer is a fabricator of Impressions work or back home after their shift the. Sexually attractive and may act in ways that are sexually attractive and may sometimes experience themselves using ________. With them Application ; Answer location: Blumers Intellectual Influences and Core Ideas ; Question type: a.... Of 202 pages.. functionalism conflict theory interactionism → cultural theory Multiple Choice to. Toward action, emotions Spring from our attempts to reconcile our prior expectations with the theater the area the... Hochschilds feeling rules and how they are oppositional practices through which we manage our and. Connect this approach to the recipient or small-scale aspects of social structure consider. Following was not identified as a defense mechanism ultimately relinquishes a healthy sense of personal often.